Hyperpigmentation can be explained in three different categories; Solar-induced hyperpigmentation, hormonal imbalance such as melasma (common after pregnancy) and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (usually caused by acne).
Hyperpigmentation, or skin discolouration, can be challenging to treat as there are multiple triggers that have an impact on this condition. Melanin – the pigment responsible for giving skin its colour – is the cause for the brown, blotchy or uneven appearance which is there to protect our skin from damaging UV radiation. Melanin is produced by melanocytes and is located in the basal layer of the epidermis. These cells look like “octopus-like” tentacles called dendrites which push melanin granules to the skin cells (keratinocytes) when exposed to UV light. Melanocytes main function is to scatter UV lights, neutralise free radicals, protecting the skin cell membrane from oxidation and therefore also protecting DNA from UV damage. Within the skin, cell tyrosinaseis a key enzyme that influences melanin synthesis, the reduction of tyrosinaseis the most prominent approach for the development of melanogenesis inhibitors.
Kalahari has developed a highly effective dual treatment approach with a combination of innovative ingredients. Bearberry extract inhibits the production of melanin and Carob leaf extract reduces tyrosinase activity. The Skin Brightening Gel also contains Salicylic acid which exfoliates the pore lining and Devils Claw extract which dramatically reduces inflammation. We recommend Kalahari Professional Phytic Clay Mask in combination with the prescribed home-care treatment protocol for visible results.